Nanoparticles with an anisotropic morphology and composition are flourishing in various scientific fields. Their morphology has a great impact on their functions, but the precise regulation of their growth and final morphology is still challenging. Here, flask-like Janus particles (FJPs) with different compositions segmented on the inner and outer surfaces were fabricated via a sol−gel process using different silane precursors. The neck length of the flask-like particles can be controllably regulated by employing different silane precursors. The Pt catalyst was selectively loaded in their cavities, and as-formed FJPs@Pt are employed as colloidal motors. Due to the adjustable neck length, the Janus colloidal motors have explicit directionality and tunable speeds (max diffusion coefficient is 18.2 μm2 s−1).
ACS Nano 2022, 16, 16690−16698